Understanding Your Edges: 6 Edge Work drills to Improve Balance and Control

In order to be a great skater you need good balance. New hockey players are usually off balance, bow-legged, stutter stepping and some look like they just finished riding a horse for 6 hours. Why do new hockey players look so out of place on the ice? Because they don’t have good edge control. Learning how to control your edges will help you a lot with balance, control, and a smoother stride. Edge drills will help players from beginner right up to pro players continue to improve and feel comfortable in their skates. In fact in one of the videos below Sidney Crosby begins his practice with edge drills.

If you are a true beginner you may want to practice some balance drills (the next video I will be uploading) but don’t be afraid to try out these edge work drills as well. The only way you will get better is if you keep challenging yourself.

If you are an experienced player these drills can also challenge you.

  • Do them first correctly
  • Next correctly and with more power
  • Next correctly with power and speed
  • Now correctly with power, speed and a puck

By using this progression you can continue to use the same drills, and the same routine and continue to improve as a player.

Get to Know Your Edges – With 6 Edgework Drills

Edges 101

Each skate has two edges, an inside edge and an outside edge. See the picture below for a better idea.

hockey-skate-edgesHow to use your edges

When you are accelerating you want to use your inside edges. You will be leaning slightly forward, with your feet turned and your skates on an angle to the ice. You want to really dig your blades in with each stride, bite those edges into the ice and go!

hockey-edgesWhen you are turning you will be using an inside edge, and an outside edge (depending on which way you turn). If you are new you might not trust your edges and keep a very wide stance while turning. You need to trust your edges and let them grip into the ice while you make sharp turns.

When you are stopping you are also using one inside edge and one outside edge, you achieve this by bending your knees, getting lower and having your skates at an angle. In this case you don’t want your weight right over your feet though as that will cause your edges to dig in, you want to “slide” a bit on your edges.

When you are gliding you are not really using either edge. They will both be in contact with the ice, but you will be gliding on the hollow between the edges. If you are gliding with a wide stance it can slow you down because your inside edges will be digging too much into the ice.

Pro’s Use Edgework Drills

In the videos below you can see Crosby using the inside edge drill that I describe in the video above.
21 seconds in Crosby warms up with the inside edge drills

5 seconds in Crosby is doing the inside edge drill, notice how he stays nice and low

Here is another video of Crosby using the mohawk drill that I show in my video on how to do the Mohawk turn. This drill uses the inside edges. Crosby is pretty good so he uses a puck at the same time.

Why should you work on your edges?

good-edge-control-hockeyIn my opinion edge work drills are the best way for hockey players to push their limits and become more comfortable in their skates. A good hockey player will feel just as comfortable in their hockey skates as they do with running shoes on.

I really like drills that force players to balance on one leg because it teaches them how to balance their weight over their skates and pushes them outside their comfort zone. Now once they are using both legs they will be feel a lot more comfortable and be able to perform the task much better. Also, during a hockey game players will need to balance on one leg very briefly over and over, every stride, crossover, or pivot requires brief one leg balance. With balance comes power and control

  • Edge control will help you with speed, balance and agility
  • Good edge control will help you get more scoring chances
  • Good edge control will help you with turning, stopping, and shaking defenders
  • Good edge control will make you more like Crosby and less like Mackinnon (in the video below)

Want more skating tips?

We have a full series on skating called the fundamentals of skating. Visit this link if you want to learn to skate, or become a better skater.

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  1. Reply GeorgeMug August 14, 2020 at 8:02 am


  2. Reply Jeff December 26, 2013 at 11:15 am

    Great work Jeremy!

  3. Reply Al Mac December 17, 2013 at 3:20 pm

    What an eye opener.
    Thanks Jeremy

  4. Reply Ken Biedzynski December 9, 2013 at 8:49 pm

    Great piece. Very helpful. Edge control cannot be underestimated even for a pro.

    • Reply Jeff M December 26, 2013 at 9:58 am

      I’ve only recently noticed in high-level hockey players, the form of stopping/turning you mention at 1:20 of this video, the one-foot stomp. I’ve tried teaching myself this move, with very limited success (normally the blade jams and I trip up). I’d love for you, or anyone for that matter, to do a video on this advanced technique.

  5. Reply How to Ice Skate December 9, 2013 at 10:30 am

    […] Episode 3 – Understanding your Edges […]

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